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2017年北大经双演讲:发展经济学(1)

作者: 来源:启道教育 日期:2017年12月19日 点击:

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时间:2017年12月20日(周三)13:30-15:30pm

地点:北大国发院/中国经济研究中心小教室

主持人:张晓波、李力行、席天扬

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  主讲人(1):李安鹏(澳大利亚国立大学)13:30-14:30pm

题目:Technicalprogressandallocativeinefficiency

摘要:Thispaperdevelopsagrowthmodelwithheterogeneousfirmstostudytheallocativeinefficiencyinemergingeconomies.Firmsintheeconomylearnnewtechnologyfromtheworldfrontier,andadjustproductionfactorstofitthetechnologicalchange.Whenafirmstartstocatchupthefrontier,itfacestheuncertaintyoffuturetechnicalprogress,anddelaystheadjustmentofproductionfactorsasaresponse.Thedelayedadjustmentgeneratesallocativeinefficiencyintheearlystageofdevelopment.Then,technologicalachievementnarrowsthegaptothefrontier,reducesthefutureuncertainty,andimprovestheefficiency.Finally,theresourceallocationisefficientagaininthenewsteadystate.Themodelsuggeststhatthecross-countrydifferenceinallocativeefficiencycanbeabyproductofthedifferentstagesofdevelopment.

 主讲人(1)简介:Anpengisafourth-yearPh.D.CandidateintheResearchSchoolofEconomicsattheAustralianNationalUniversity.Hisresearchinterestsareinmacroeconomicsanddevelopmenteconomics,withafocusonfirmdynamicsandproductivityinemergingeconomies

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  主讲人(2):林娅棠(香港科技大学)14:30-15:30pm

题目:TheLongShadowofIndustrialPollution:EnvironmentalAmenitiesandtheDistributionofSkills

摘要:Thispaperpresentstheoryandevidenceontheroleofenvironmentalamenitiesinshapingthecompetitivenessofpost-industrialcities.IassemblearichdatabaseatafinespatialscaletoexaminetheimpactofhistoricalpollutiononthedistributionofskilledworkersandresidentswithinUSmetropolitan.Ifindthatcensustractsthataredownwindtohighlypollutedhistoricalindustrialsitesinthe1970sareassociatedwithlowerhousingpricesandasmallershareofskilledemploymentthreedecadeslater,apatternwhichhasbeenreinforcedduring1980-2000.Thesefindingssuggestthepresenceofskillsortingonpollutionandstrongsubsequentagglomerationeffects.Toquantifythecontributionofdifferentmechanisms,Ibuildandestimateamulti-sectorspatialequilibriumframeworkthatintroducesheterogeneityinlocalproductivityandworkers'valuationforlocalamenitiesacrosssectors,andallowstheinitialsortingtobemagnifiedbyproductionandresidentialexternalities.Thestructuralestimationsuggeststhathistoricalpollutionisassociatedwithlowercurrentproductivityandamenityandthemagnitudesarehigherforproductivity,moreskilledsectorsandcentraltracts.Ithenusetheframeworktoevaluatetheimpactofcounterfactualpollutioncutsindifferentpartsofcitiesonnationwidewelfareandthecross-cityskilldistribution.

主讲人(2)简
介:YatangiscurrentlyanAssistantProfessorattheHongKongUniversityofScienceandTechnology.SheobtainedherPh.D.ineconomicsattheLondonSchoolofEconomics(LSE).Herresearchandteachinginterestsincludeenvironmentalandenergyeconomics,urbaneconomics,internationaltradeanddevelopmenteconomics.

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