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历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

作者: 来源:启道教育 日期:2018年1月16日 点击:

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PartIReadingComprehension(SkimmingandScanning)(15minutes)

TheWorldHasNeverSeenPopulationAgeingBefore,CanItCope?

Untiltheearly1990snobodymuchthoughtaboutwholepopulationsgettingolder.TheUNhadtheforesighttoconvenea"

worldassemblyonageing"backin1982,butthatcameandwent.By1994theWorldBankhadnoticedthatsomethingbig

washappening.Inareportentitled"AvertingtheOldAgeCrisis",itarguedthatpensionarrangementsinmostcountrieswereunsustainable.

Forthenexttenyearsasuccessionofbooks,mainlybyAmericans,soundedthealarm.TheyhadtitleslikeYoungvsOld,

GrayDavnandTheComingGenerationalStorm,andtheirmessagewasblunt:health-caresystemswereheadingfortherocks,pensionersweretakingyoungpeopletothecleaners,andsoontherewouldbeintergenerationalwarfare.

Sincethenthedebatehasbecomelessemotional,notleastbecausealotmoreisknownaboutthesubject.Books,

conferencesandresearchpapershavemultiplied.InternationalorganisationssuchastheOECDandtheEUissueregularreports.

Populationageingisoneveryagenda,fromG8economicconferencestoNATOsummits.TheWorldEconomicForumplansto

considerthefutureofpensionsandhealthcareatitsprestigiousDavosconferenceearlynextyear.Themedia,includingthisnewspaper,

aregivingthesubjectextensivecoverage.

Whetherallthatattentionhastranslatedintosufficientactionisanotherquestion.Governmentsinrichcountriesnowacceptthattheirpensionandhealth-carepromiseswillsoonbecomeunaffordable,andmanyofthemhaveembarkedonreforms,butsofaronlytimidly.

Thatisnotsurprising:politicianswithaneyeonthenextelectionwillhardlyrushtointroduceunpopularmeasuresthatmaynotbearfruitforyears,perhapsdecades.

Theoutlineofthechangesneededisclear.Toavoidfiscal(财政的)meltdown,publicpensionsandhealth-careprovisionwillhavetobereinedbackseverelyandtaxesmayhavetogoup.Byfarthemosteffectivemethodtores

trainpensionspendingistogivepeopletheopportunitytoworklonger,becauseitincreasestaxrevenuesandreduces

pendingonpensionsatthesametime.Itmayevenkeepthemalivelonger.JohnRother,theAARP'sheadofpolicyandstrategy,

pointstostudiesshowingthatotherthingsbeingequal,peoplewhoremainatworkhavelowerdeathratesthantheirretiredpeers.

Youngerpeopletodaymostlyacceptthattheywillhavetoworkforlongerandthattheirpensionswillbelessgenerous.

Employersstillneedtobepersuadedthatolderworkersareworthholdingonto.Thatmaybebecausetheyhavehadplentyofyoungeronestochoosefrom,

partlythankstothepost-warbaby-boomandpartlybecauseoverthepastfewdecadesmanymorewomenhaveenteredthelabourforce,increasingemployers'choice.

Butthereservoirofwomenableandwillingtotakeuppaidworkisrunninglowandthebaby-boomersaregoinggrey.
历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷
Inmanycountriesimmigrantshavebeenfillingsuchgapsinthelabourforceashavealreadyemerged

(andrememberthattherealshortageisstillaroundtenyearsoff).Immigrationinthedevelopedworldisthehighestithaseverbeen,

anditismakingausefuldifference.Instill-fertileAmericaitcurrentlyaccountsforabout40%oftotalpopulationgrowth,

andinfast-ageingwesternEuropeforabout90%.

Onthefaceofit,itseemstheperfectsolutionManydevelopingcountrieshavelotsofyoungpeopleinneedofjobs;

manyrichcountriesneedhelpinghandsthatwillboosttaxrevenuesandkeepupeconomicgrowth.

Butoverthenextfewdecadeslabourforcesinrichcountriesaresettoshrinksomuchthatinflowsofimmigrants

wouldhavetoincreaseenormouslytocompensate:toatleasttwicetheircurrentsizeinwesternEurope's

mostyouthfulcountries,andthreetimesintheolderones.Japanwouldneedalargemultipleofthefewimmigrantsithasatpresent.

Publicopinionpollsshowthatpeopleinmostrichcountriesalreadythinkthatimmigrationistoohigh.Furtherbigincreaseswouldbepoliticallyunfeasible.

Totackletheproblemofageingpopulationsatitsroot,"old"countrieswouldhavetorejuvenate(使年轻)themselvesbyhavingmoreoftheirownchildren.Anumberofthemhavetried,

somemoresuccessfullythanothers.Butitisnotasimplematterofofferingfinancialincentivesorprovidingmorechildcare.

Modernurbanlifeinrichcountriesisnotwelladaptedtolargefamilies.Womenfindithardtocombinefamilyandcareer.

Theyoftencompromisebyhavingjustonechild.

Andiffertilityinageingcountriesdoesnotpickup?Itwillnotbetheendoftheworld,atleastnotforquiteawhileyet,

buttheworldwillslowlybecomeadifferentplace.Oldersocietiesmaybelessinnovativeandmorestronglydisinclinedtotakerisksthanyoungerones.

By2025atthelatest,abouthalfthevotersinAmericaandmostofthoseinwesternEuropeancountrieswillbeover50—andolderpeopleturnouttovoteinmuchgreaternumberthanyoungerones.Academicstudieshavefoundnoevidencesofartha

toldervotershaveusedtheirpowerattheballotboxtopushforpoliciesthatspecificallybenefitthem,

thoughifinfuturetherearemanymoreofthemtheymightstartdoingso.

Noristhereanysignoftheintergenerationalwarfarepredictedinthe1990s.Afterall,olderpeoplethemselvesmostlyhavefamilies.

Inarecentstudyofparentsandgrown-upchildrenin11Europeancountries,KarstenHankofMannheimUniversityfoundthat85%ofthemlivedwithin25kmofeachotherandthemajorityofthemwereintouchatleastonceaweek.

Evenso,

theshiftinthecentreofgravitytoolderagegroupsisboundtohaveaprofoundeffectonsocieties,

notjusteconomicallyandpoliticallybutinallsortsofotherwaystoo.RichardJacksonandNeilHoweofAmerica'sCSIS,

inathoughtfulbookcalledTheGrayingoftheGreatPowers,arguethat,amongotherthings,theageingofthedevelopedcountries

willhaveanumberofserioussecurityimplications.

Forexample,theshortageofyoungadultsislikelytomakecountriesmorereluctanttocommitthefewtheyhavetomilitaryservice.

Inthedecadesto2050,Americawillfinditselfplayinganever-increasingroleinthedevelopedworld'sdefenceeffort.BecauseAmerica'spopulationwillstillbegrowingwhenthatofmostotherdevelopedcountriesisshrinking,

Americawillbetheonlydevelopedcountrythatstillmattersgeopolitically(地缘政治上).

Askmein2020

Thereislittlethatcanbedonetostoppopulationageing,sotheworldwillhavetolivewithit.Butsomeoftheconsequencescanbealleviated.

Manyexpertsnowbelievethatgiventherightpolicies,theeffects,thoughgrave,neednotbecatastrophic.

Mostcountrieshaverecognisedtheneedtodosomethingandarebeginningtoact.

Buteventhenthereisnoguaranteethattheireffortswillwork.Whatishappeningnowishistoricallyunprecedented.RonaldLee,

directoroftheCentreontheEconomicsandDemographyofAgeingattheUniversityofCalifornia,Berkeley,putsitbrieflyandclearly:"

Wedon'treallyknowwhatpopulationageingwillbelike,becausenobodyhasdoneityet."

1、Inits1994report,theWorldBankarguedthatthecurrentpensionsysteminmostcountriescould______.

A)notbesustainedinthelongtermB)furtheracceleratetheageingprocess

C)hardlyhaltthegrowthofpopulationD)helptideoverthecurrentageingcrisis

2、WhatmessageisconveyedinbookslikeYoungvsOld?

A)Thegenerationgapisboundtonarrow.B)Intergenerationalconflictswillintensify.

C)Theyoungergenerationwillbeattheold.D)Oldpeopleshouldgivewaytotheyoung.

3、Onereasonwhypensionandhealthcarereformsareslowincomingisthat______.

A)nobodyiswillingtosacrificetheirownintereststotackletheproblem

B)mostpeopleareagainstmeasuresthatwillnotbearfruitimmediately

C)theproposedreformswillaffecttoomanypeople'sinterests

D)politiciansareafraidoflosingvotesinthenextelection

4、Theauthorbelievesthemosteffectivemethodtosolvethepensioncrisisisto______.

A)allowpeopletoworklongerB)increasetaxrevenues

C)cutbackonhealthcareprovisionsD)startreformsrightaway

5、Thereasonwhyemployersareunwillingtokeepolderworkersisthat______.

A)theyaregenerallydifficulttomanageB)thelongertheywork,thehighertheirpension历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

C)theirpayishigherthanthatofyoungeronesD)youngerworkersarereadilyavailable

6、Tocompensateforthefast-shrinkinglabourforce,Japanwouldneed______.

A)toreviseitscurrentpopulationcontrolpolicyB)largenumbersofimmigrantsfromoverseas

C)toautomateitsmanufacturingandserviceindustriesD)apoliticallyfeasiblepolicyconcerningpopulation

7、Whydomanywomeninrichcountriescompromisebyhavingonlyonechild?

A)Smallfamiliesarebecomingmorefashionable.B)Theyfindithardtobalancecareerandfamily.

C)Itistooexpensivetosupportalargefamily.D)Childcareistoobigaproblemforthem.

8、Comparedwithyoungerones,oldersocietiesarelessinclinedto______.

9、Thepredictedintergenerationalwarfareisunlikelybecausemostoftheolderpeoplethemselves______.

10、Countriesthathaveashortageofyoungadultswillbelesswillingtocommitthemto______.

PartIIReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(25minutes)

SectionA

Questions11to20arebasedonthefollowingpassage

SomeyearsagoIwasofferedawritingassignmentthatwouldrequirethreemonthsoftravelthroughEurope.

Ihadbeenabroadacoupleoftimes,butIcouldhardly11toknowmywayaroundthecontinent.Moreover,

myknowledgeofforeignlanguageswas12toalittlecollegeFrench.

Ihesitated.HowwouldI,unabletospeakthelanguage,13unfamiliarwithlocalgeographyortransportationsystems,

setup14anddoresearch?Itseemedimpossible,andwithconsiderable15Isatdowntowritealetterbeggingoff.

Halfwaythrough,athoughtranthroughmymind:youcan’tlearnifyoudon’ttry.SoIacceptedtheassignment.

Thereweresomebad16.ButbythetimeIhadfinishedthetripIwasanexperiencedtraveler.Andeversince,

Ihaveneverhesitatedtoheadforeventhemostremoteofplaces,withoutguidesoreven17bookings,confidentthatsomehowIwillmanage.

Thepointisthatthenew,thedifferent,isalmostbydefinition18.Buteachtimeyoutrysomething,youlearn,

andasthelearningpilesup,theworldopenstoyou.

I’velearnedtoskiat40,andflownuptheRhineRiverina19.AndIknowI’llgoondoingsuchthings.

It’snotbecauseI’mbraverormoredaringthanothers.I’mnot.ButI’llacceptanxietyasanothernameforchallengeandIbelieveIcan20wonders.

A)accomplishB)advancedC)balloonD)claimE)constantly历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

F)declareG)interviewsH)limitedI)manufactureJ)moments

K)newsL)reducedM)regretN)scaryO)totally

SectionB

PassagetwoQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

Intheearly20thcentury,fewthingsweremoreappealingthanthepromiseofscientificknowledge

.Inaworldstrugglingwithrapidindustrialization,scienceandtechnologyseemedtooffersolutionstoalmosteveryproblem.

Newlycreatedstatecollegesanduniversitiesdevotedthemselvesalmostentirelytoscientific,technological,andengineeringfields.

ManyAmericanscametobelievethatscientificcertaintycouldnotonlysolvescientificproblems,butalsoreformpolities,

government,andbusiness.TwoworldwarsandaGreatDepressionrockedtheconfidenceofmany

peoplethatscientificexpertisealonecouldcreateaprosperousandorderedworld.AfterWorldWarII,

theacademicworldturnedwithnewenthusiasmtohumanisticstudies,

whichseemedtomanyscholarsthebestwaytoensurethesurvivalofdemocracy.Americanscholarsfannedoutacrossmuchoftheworld—withsupportfromtheFordFoundation,theFulbrightprogram,etc.—topromotetheteachingofliteratureandtheartsinanefforttomaketheeasefordemocraticfreedoms.

IntheAmericaofourowntime,thegreateducationalchallengehasbecomeanefforttostrengthentheteachingofwhatisnowknownasthe

STEMdisciplines(science,technology,engineering,andmath).ThereisconsiderableandjustifiedconcernthattheUnitedStates

isfallingbehindmuchoftherestofthedevelopedworldintheseessentialdisciplines.India,China,Japan,

andotherregionsseemtobeseizingtechnologicalleadership.

Atthesametime,perhapsinevitably,thehumanities—whilestillpopularinelitecollegesanduniversities—haveexperiencedasignificantdecline.Humanisticdisciplinesareseriouslyunderfunded,notjustbythe

governmentandthefoundationsbutbyacademicinstitutionsthemselves.Humanistsareusuallyamongthelowest-paidfacultymembersatmostinstitutionsandareoftenlightlyregardedbecausetheydonotgenerategrantincomeand

becausetheyprovidenoobviouscredentials(资质)formostnonacademiccareers.

UndoubtedlyAmericaneducationshouldtrainmorescientistsandengineers.Muchoftheconcernamongpoliticians

aboutthestateofAmericanuniversitiestodayisfocusedontheabsenceof"realworld"education—whichmeanspreparationforprofessionalandscientificcareers.Buttheideathatinstitutionsortheir

studentsmustdecidebetweenhumanitiesandscienceisfalse.Oursocietycouldnotsurvivewithoutscientificandte

chnologicalknowledge.Butwewouldbeequallyimpoverished(贫困的)withouthumanisticknowledgeaswell.

Scienceandtechnologyteachuswhatwecando.

Humanisticthinkinghelpsusunderstandwhatweshoulddo.

Itisalmostimpossibletoimagineoursocietywithoutthinkingoftheextraordinaryachievements

ofscientistsandengineersinbuildingourcomplicatedworld.Buttrytoimagineourworldaswellwithout

theremarkableworksthathavedefinedourcultureandvalues.Wehavealwaysneeded,andwestillneed,both.

21、Intheearly20thcenturyAmericanbelievedscienceandtechnologycould______.

A)solvevirtuallyallexistingproblemsB)quickenthepaceofindustrialization

C)helpraisepeople'slivingstandardsD)promotethenation'ssocialprogress

22、WhydidmanyAmericanscholarsbecomeenthusiasticabouthumanisticstudiesafterWorldWarII?

A)Theywantedtoimprovetheirownstatuswithinthecurrenteducationsystem.

B)Theybelievedthestabilityofasocietydependedheavilyonhumanisticstudies.

C)Theycouldgetfinancialsupportfromvariousfoundationsforhumanisticstudies.

D)Theyrealizedscienceandtechnologyalonewerenoguaranteeforabetterworld.

23、WhyareAmericanscholarsworriedabouteducationtoday?

A)TheSTEMsubjectsaretoochallengingforstudentstolearn.

B)SomeAsiancountrieshaveovertakenAmericaninbasicsciences.

C)AmericaislaggingbehindintheSTEMdisciplines.

D)Therearenotenoughscholarsinhumanisticstudies.

24、Whataccountsforthesignificantdeclineinhumanisticstudiestoday?

A)Insufficientfunding.B)Shrinkingenrollment.

C)Shortageofdevotedfaculty.D)Dimprospectsforgraduates.

25、Whydoestheauthorattachsomuchimportancetohumanisticstudies?历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

A)Theypromotethedevelopmentofscienceandtechnology.

B)Theyhelppreparedstudentsfortheirprofessionalcareers.

C)Humanisticthinkinghelpsdefineourcultureandvalues.

D)Humanisticthinkinghelpscultivatestudents'creativity.

SectionC

PassagethreeQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage

WillthereeverbeanotherEinstein?ThisistheundercurrentofconversationatEinsteinmemorialmeetingsthroughouttheyear.

AnewEinsteinwillemerge,scientistssay.Butitmaytakealongtime.Afterall,morethan200yearsseparatedEinsteinfromhisnearestrival,IsaacNewton.

ManyphysicistssaythenextEinsteinhasn'tbeenbornyet,orisababynow.

That'sbecausethequestforunifiedtheorythatwouldaccountforalltheforcesofnaturehaspushedcurrentmathematicstoitslimits

.Newmathmustbecreatedbeforetheproblemcanbesolved.

ButresearcherssaytherearemanyotherfactorsworkingagainstanotherEinsteinemerginganytimesoon.

Foronething,physicsisamuchdifferentfieldtoday.InEinstein'sday,therewereonlyafewthousandphysicistsworldwide,

andthetheoreticianswhocouldintellectuallyrivalEinsteinprobablywouldfitintoastreetcarwithseatstospare.

Educationisdifferent,too.OnecrucialaspectofEinstein'strainingthatisoverlookedistheyearsofphilosophyhereadasateenager—Kant,SehopenhauerandSpinoza,amongothers.Ittaughthimhowtothinkindependentlyandabstractlyaboutspaceandtime,

anditwasn'tlongbeforehebecameaphilosopherhimself.

"Theindependencecreatedbyphilosophicalinsightis—inmyopinion—themarkofdistinctionbetweenamereartisan(工匠)orspecialistandarealseekeraftertruth,"Einsteinwrotein1944.

Andhewasanaccomplishedmusician.Theinterplaybetweenmusicandmathiswell-known.Einsteinwouldfuriouslyplayhisviolinasawaytothinkthroughaknottyphysicsproblem.

Today,universitieshaveproducedmillionsofphysicists.Therearen'tmanyjobsinscienceforthem,

sotheygotoWallStreetandSiliconValleytoapplytheiranalyticalskillstomorepractical—andrewarding—efforts.

"MaybethereisanEinsteinouttheretoday,"saidColumbiaUniversityphysicistBrianGreene,"butitwouldbealotharderforhimtobeheard."

EspeciallyconsideringwhatEinsteinwasproposing.

"Theactualfabricofspaceandtimecurving?MyGod,whatanidea!"GreenesaidatarecentgatheringattheAspenInstitute."

Ittakesacertaintypeofpersonwhowillbanghisheadagainstthewallbecauseyoubelieveyou'llfindthesolution."

PerhapsthebestexamplesarethefivescientificpapersEinsteinwroteinhis"miracleyear"of1905.These"thoughtexperiments"

werepagesofcalculationssignedandsubmittedtotheprestigiousjournalAnnalenderPhysikbyavirtualunknown.Therewerenofootnotesorcitations.

Whatmighthappentosuchasubmissiontoday?

"Weallgetpaperslikethoseinthemail,"Greenesaid."Weputtheminthejunkfile."

26、Whatdoscientistsseemtoagreeuponjudgingfromthefirsttwoparagraphs?

A)Einsteinpushedmathematicsalmosttoitslimits.

B)ItwilltakeanotherEinsteintobuildaunifiedtheory.

C)NophysicistislikelytosurpassEinsteininthenext200years.

D)ItwillbesometimebeforeanewEinsteinemerges.

27、WhatwascriticaltoEinstein'ssuccess?

A)Histalentasanaccomplishedmusician.B)Hisindependentandabstractthinking.

C)Hisuntiringefforttofulfillhispotential.D)Hissolidfoundationinmaththeory.

28、Whatdoestheauthortellusaboutphysiciststoday?

A)Theytendtoneglecttraininginanalyticalskills.

B)Theyareverygoodatsolvingpracticalproblems.

C)Theyattachgreatimportancetopublishingacademicpapers.

D)Theyoftengointofieldsyieldinggreaterfinancialbenefits.

29、WhatdoesBrianGreeneimplybysaying"...itwouldbealotharderforhimtobeheard"(Line1-2,Para.9)?

A)Peoplehavetocompeteinordertogettheirpaperspublished.

B)Itishardforascientisttohavehispaperspublishedtoday.

C)PaperslikeEinstein'swouldunlikelygetpublishedtoday.

D)Nobodywillreadpapersonapparentlyridiculoustheories.

30、Whenhesubmittedhispapersin1905,Einstein

A)forgottomakefootnotesandcitationsB)waslittleknowninacademiccircles

C)wasknownasayounggeniusinmathcalculationsD)knewnothingabouttheformatofacademicpapers

PartIIITranslation(5minutes)

31、Thereisnodenyingthatyou______(越仔细越好)indealingwiththismatter.

32、OnlywhenIreachedmythirties______(我才意识到读书是不能被忽视的).

33、Much______(使研究人员干到惊讶),theoutcomeoftheexperimentwasfarbetterthantheyhadexpected.

34、Oh,my,Ican'tfindmykey;______(我一定把它忘在哪了).历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

35、I______(宁愿加入你们去做义工)thangotothebeachforaholiday.

PartIVCloze

America'smostpopularnewspaperwebsitetodayannouncedthattheeraoffreeonlinejournalismisdrawingtoaclose

TheNewYorkTimeshasbecomethebiggestpublisheryetto(36)plansforapaywallarounditsdigitaloffering,(37)theacceptedpracticethatinternetuserswillnotpayfornews.

Struggling(38)anevaporationofadvertisingandadownwarddriftinstreetcornersales,TheNewYorkTimes(39)

tointroducea"metered"modelatthebeginningof2011.Readerswillberequiredtopaywhentheyhave(40)asetnumberofitsonlinearticlespermonth.

Thedecisionputsthe159-year-oldnewspaper(41)thechargingsideofanincreasinglywidechasm(鸿沟)inthemediaindustry.Butothers,includingtheGuardian,havesaidtheywillnot(42)internetreaders,andcertainpapers,(43)London'sEveningStandard,havegonefurtherinabandoningreadershiprevenuebymakingtheirprinteditions(44).

TheNewYorkTimes'spublisher,ArthurSulzberger,(45)thatthemoveisagamble:"Thisisa(46),toacertaindegree,inwherewethinkthewebisgoing."

Boastingaprint(47)of995,000onweekdaysand1.4milliononSundays,TheNewYorkTimesisthethird-bestsellingAmericannewspaper,(48)theWallStreetJournalandUSAToday.(49)mostUSpapersfocusonasinglecity,TheNewYorkTimesisamongthefewthatcan(50)nationalscope-aswellas16bureausintheNewYorkarea,ithas11officesaroundtheUSand(51)26bureauselsewhereintheworld.

But(52)manyinthepublishingindustry,thepaperisinthegripofa(53)financialcrisis.Itsparentcompany,theNewYorkTimesCompany,

has15papers,but(54)alossof$70millionintheninemonthstoSeptemberandrecentlyaccepteda$250million(55)fromaMexicanbillionaire,

CarlosSlim,tostrengthenitsbalancesheet.

36、A)setinB)setout

C)carryoverD)carryaway

37、A)abusingB)deducting

C)developingD)abandoning

38、A)withB)beside

C)alongD)by

39、A)engagesB)intends

C)deliberatesD)signifies

40、A)exceededB)multiplied

C)assumedD)revealed

41、A)onB)of

C)overD)up

42、A)costB)consume

C)expendD)charge

43、A)asforB)farfrom

C)suchasD)byfar

44、A)reliableB)free

C)applicableD)easy

45A)resistedB)certified

、C)acknowledgedD)appealed

46、A)netB)kit

C)betD)pit

47、A)evaluationB)expansion

C)circulationD)dimension

48、A)behindB)against

C)beforeD)within

49、A)IfB)While

C)HenceD)Because

50、A)ascendB)announce

C)lengthenD)claim

51、A)contributesB)disposes历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

C)maintainsD)encounters

52、A)likeB)beyond

C)fromD)through

53、A)heavyB)crude

C)roughD)serious

54、A)targetedB)suspended

C)sufferedD)tolerated

55、A)assetB)bill

C)accountD)loan

PARTVGRAMMAR&VOCABULARY[15MIN]

56Maryis_______thanAlice.

A.moreexperiencedateacherB.amoreexperiencedteacher

C.moreanexperiencedteacherD.moreexperiencedteacher

_______thetwo,Bobis________student.

A.Of,morediligentB.In,morediligent

C.Of,themorediligentD.In,themorediligent

58.WesternNebraskagenerallyreceiveslesssnowthan_______EasternNebraska.

A.inB.itreceivesinC.doesD.itdoesin

59.Theindoorswimmingpoolseemstobeagreatmoreluxuriousthan_______.

A.isnecessaryB.beingnecessaryC.tobenecessaryD.itisnecessary

60.Thereoughttobelessanxietyovertheperceivedriskofmountainclimbingthan______inthepublicmindtoday.

A.existsB.existC.existingD.toexist

61..Theexperimentrequiresmoremoneythan_______.

A.havebeenputinB.beingputin

C.hasbeenputinD.tobeputin

62.Thelessthesurfaceofthegroundyieldstotheweightofafully-loadedtruck,_______tothetruck.

A.thegreaterstressisB.greateristhestress

C.thestressisgreaterD.thegreaterthestress

63.Somedietersfindthataftertheirdietingisover,theyatetwice_______theydidbeforetheirdiet.

A.morethanB.asmanyasC.muchthanD.asmuchas

64.Languagebelongstoeachmemberofthesociety,tothecleaner___totheprofessor.

A.asfarasB.thesameasC.asmuchasD.aslongas

65.Shedidherwork______hermanagerhadinstructed.

A.asB.untilC.whenD.though

66.Thetrumpetplayerwascertainlyloud.ButIwasn’tbotheredbyhisloudness______byhislackoftalent.

A.somuchasB.ratherthanC.asD.than

67.Hisremarkswere________annoyeverybodyatthemeeting.

A.soastoB.suchastoC.suchtoD.asmuchasto

68.Twelveistothree_______fouristoone.

A.whatB.asC.thatD.like

69.Intellectistothemind______sightistothebody.

A.whatB.asC.thatD.like

70.Johnis_______hardworkingthanhissister,buthefailedintheexam.(1998)历年北大经双英语真题参考样卷

A.nolessB.nomoreC.notlessD.noso

71.Fatcannotchangeintomuscle_______musclechangesintofat.

A.anymorethanB.nomorethanC.nolessthanD.muchmorethan

72.DavidSinger,myfriend’sfather,______raisedandeducatedinNewYork,livedandlecturedinAfricamostofhislife.

A.whoB.ifC.whileD.though

73.______heneededmoneyforanewcar,hedecidednottoborrowitfromthebank.(1998)

A.MuchasB.MuchthoughC.AsmuchD.Thoughmuch

74.Fool_____Janeis,shecouldnothavedonesuchathing.

A.whoB.asC.thatD.like

75.______Ilikeeconomics,Ilikesociologymuchbetter.

A.AsmuchasB.SomuchC.HowmuchD.Muchas

PartVIWriting(30minutes)

Forthispart,youareallowed30minutestowriteashortessayonthetopicbelow.Youshouldwriteatleast120words.

MyViewonUniversityRankin

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